The Link Between Stress and Blood Sugar Levels: How to Find a Balance

stress and blood sugar levels

The Link Between Stress and Blood Sugar Levels: How to Find a Balance

When we look at blood sugar levels, what we eat always gets the focus, but there are many other factors that can impact our glucose levels too. There is a surprisingly important connection between stress and blood sugar imbalance. In this fast-paced world we live in, it’s no secret that many of us experience stress on a daily basis, from demanding work schedules to family responsibilities and never-ending to-do lists, stress seems to be an unavoidable part of modern life.

In recent years, the number of people facing stress-related health problems has been on the rise. At the same time, cases of blood sugar imbalances, such as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, have also been increasing.  So it’s really important to understand these issues and how they’re connected and know what we can do to help ourselves through embracing a holistic approach and not just temporary quick fixes.


Understanding Blood Sugar Imbalance

Blood sugar, otherwise known as glucose, is at the heart of how our bodies manage our energy. Picture it as the fuel that powers your daily activities, from getting out of bed to going for a jog or simply thinking through tasks. Understanding how blood sugar is regulated is vital to knowing the impact imbalances can have on our overall health and wellbeing.

Our bodies are like a finely tuned machine, and blood sugar regulation is one of its critical processes. When we eat, our digestive system breaks down carbohydrates from food into glucose, and this then enters our bloodstream. When our blood sugar levels then rise, our pancreas responds by releasing a hormone called insulin. Insulin is very important and acts like a key, unlocking cells to allow the glucose inside, providing them with energy.

Sometimes though our blood sugar levels can drop, such as when we go without eating for a while or during physical activity. When this happens, the pancreas then releases another hormone called glucagon, which then triggers the liver to release stored glucose into the bloodstream. This ensures a steady supply of energy even when we’re not actively consuming food.

On occasion, this finely tuned process goes awry, and blood sugar imbalance can occur. When this happens the body struggles to maintain stable glucose levels, and this can show up in two main ways:

  1. Hyperglycaemia (High Blood Sugar): This is when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or cells become resistant to its effects, and so glucose remains trapped in the bloodstream, causing elevated blood sugar levels. Over time, this can lead to complications and increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  2. Hypoglycaemia (Low Blood Sugar): On the flip side, if there’s an excess release of insulin, blood sugar levels can drop too low. This may lead to feelings of shakiness, dizziness, and mood swings.

Both hyperglycaemia and hypoglycaemia can have immediate effects on our energy levels, mood, and cognitive function. Additionally, over the long term, blood sugar imbalances can contribute to chronic health conditions, such as heart disease, obesity, and nerve damage.

Understanding the signs of blood sugar imbalance is essential for early detection of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Some of the more common symptoms include feeling much thirstier, frequent urination, unexplained weight changes, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. However, it’s important to remember that symptoms can vary from person to person, and so you need to be in tune with your body and recognise changes and always seek professional advice from a doctor or health professional if you’re worried.


Understanding Stress

Imagine you’re faced with a sudden, unexpected challenge, maybe a pressing work deadline, a traffic jam on the way to an important event, or even a surprise visit from an in-law. In response to these stressors, your body undergoes a fascinating physiological process commonly known as the “fight-or-flight” response.

There are 3 parts of the body at the heart of this response, and these are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands. Together, they form what’s known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis which is a critical system in regulating how our bodies respond to stress.

The Hypothalamus: This is a tiny region in the brain which acts as the body’s control centre, sensing stressors and triggering the stress response. When it detects a threat, it releases a hormone called corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH).

The Pituitary Gland: The CRH travels to the nearby pituitary gland, which then releases another hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) into the bloodstream.

The Adrenal Glands: Finally, ACTH reaches the adrenal glands, which are found on top of each kidney. These glands then produce stress hormones, such as cortisol and adrenaline.


Cortisol, often referred to as the “stress hormone,” plays a crucial role in the stress response. It helps to drive energy by increasing glucose production in the liver, ensuring that the body has enough fuel to handle the perceived threat. Additionally, cortisol affects immune function, blood pressure, and inflammation, further preparing the body to confront the stressor.

In an ideal world, the stress response is a lifesaver, enabling us to respond quickly to dangerous situations. Once the stressor passes, the body should return to its normal state, and cortisol levels should decrease. However, in the fast-paced and demanding world we live in, chronic stress is becoming more common, meaning our bodies feel like we’re always under attack and leads to the constant activation of the stress response.


The problem really occurs when the stress response is repeatedly triggered without enough recovery time to recover in between, it can then start to disrupt other body processes, including blood sugar regulation. Elevated cortisol levels can lead to insulin resistance, which is when our cells become less responsive to insulin’s attempts to move glucose into them. As a result, blood sugar levels can rise, increasing the risk of developing blood sugar imbalances, including type 2 diabetes.

Chronic stress can also impact blood sugar in other ways, such as increased appetite and cravings for sugary or high-calorie foods. This may contribute to weight gain and further exacerbate blood sugar issues.

stress and nutrition

Stress and Eating Habits

We’ve all been there, if we have a stressful day at work or have personal challenges, we often find ourselves reaching for a chocolate bar, bag of crisps, or a tub of ice cream. Stress-induced eating is a very common, and it’s essential to understand how our emotions and stress levels can influence our food choices.

When we experience stress, our body’s natural response is to seek comfort and relief. Comfort foods are often high in sugar, fat, and salt, and they seem to offer a temporary sense of pleasure and relief from stress. That’s because these foods can trigger the release of feel-good hormones in our brain making us feel better, even if only for a short while.

However, this stress-induced eating can have unintended consequences for our blood sugar balance. Consuming sugary or high-calorie foods leads to a rapid increase in blood sugar levels. In response, our body releases insulin to bring those levels back down, which may lead to a crash in energy later on.

Stress can also disrupt our usual eating patterns. You may find yourself skipping meals or eat irregularly when stressed, which can further affect blood sugar levels. Skipping meals can cause blood sugar to drop too low, leading to feelings of irritability, shakiness, and difficulty concentrating.

The stress hormones, and particularly cortisol, can also play a role in influencing our appetite. They can increase our cravings for sugary and fatty foods, leading to overeating and unhealthy food choices. This cycle of stress-induced eating and its impact on blood sugar levels can become a recipe for long-term health issues if not managed properly.

So, how can we break this cycle and manage stress-related eating habits to support better blood sugar balance?

  1. Awareness: Pay attention to your eating patterns and notice if stress triggers certain food choices. Mindful awareness can help you identify when stress-related eating occurs and allow you to make conscious decisions.
  2. Healthy Alternatives: Find healthier ways to cope with stress. Engage in physical activity, practice relaxation techniques like deep breathing or meditation, or spend time doing activities you enjoy. These alternatives can help reduce stress without negatively affecting your blood sugar levels.
  3. Balanced Meals: Aim to have balanced meals throughout the day, consisting of lean proteins, whole grains, healthy fats, and plenty of fruits and vegetables. This can help stabilise blood sugar levels, keep you feeling full between meals and reduce the likelihood of reaching for unhealthy snacks.
  4. Meal Planning: Planning your meals ahead of time helps avoid making impulsive and unhealthy food choices when stressed. Having nutritious options readily available can make it easier to stick to healthier eating habits.
  5. Support: Share your stress and concerns with friends, family, or even a professional. Sometimes, talking about your feelings can provide relief and prevent emotional eating.

Remember, it’s entirely normal to occasionally indulge in comfort foods when stressed, but it’s essential to maintain balance and choose healthier options most of the time. By managing stress-related eating habits, we can support our body’s blood sugar regulation and overall well-being.


Lifestyle Strategies for Managing Stress and Blood Sugar

Stress is an inevitable part of life, but how we deal with it can make all the difference in maintaining our overall health and blood sugar balance. Embracing a holistic approach to stress management involves adopting lifestyle strategies that promote physical, mental, and emotional well-being. These are some practical and easy techniques that can help you effectively manage stress and support stable blood sugar levels.

  1. Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques: Incorporate mindfulness practices into your daily routine. Mindfulness involves focusing on the present moment, acknowledging your thoughts and feelings without judgment. Techniques like deep breathing exercises, meditation, and progressive muscle relaxation can help calm the mind and reduce stress hormones like cortisol. You can find many apps to help with this including Headspace and Calm.
  2. Regular Physical Activity: Engaging in regular physical activity, even in small doses, can have a big impact on stress reduction and blood sugar regulation. Find activities you enjoy, whether it’s brisk walking, dancing, yoga, or cycling, and make them a part of your routine.
  3. Prioritize Sleep: Ensure you’re getting enough quality sleep each night. Lack of sleep can increase stress hormones and disrupt blood sugar regulation. Create a relaxing bedtime routine, by having a warm shower, limiting screen time before bed, and maintain a consistent sleep schedule can all help to improve sleep quality.
  4. Time Management and Planning: Feeling overwhelmed by a hectic schedule can contribute to stress. Take the time to plan your day, prioritise tasks, and break them into manageable steps. This can help reduce stress and improve productivity. Writing down tasks and creating lists can often help.
  5. Social Support: Connect with friends, family, or support groups. Social support can provide emotional comfort during stressful times and help you with you challenges more effectively in a supportive way and often make you realise you’re not alone.
  6. Limit Caffeine and Alcohol: While a cup of coffee might provide a temporary energy boost, excessive caffeine intake can exacerbate stress and negatively impact blood sugar levels. Similarly, alcohol can also interfere with blood sugar regulation and increase stress so reducing intake can definitely help rather than reaching for a glass at the end of a stressful day.
  7. Healthy Eating Habits: Eat a balanced diet. Focus on whole foods, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Eating regular, balanced meals can help keep blood sugar levels stable and support overall well-being.
  8. Take Breaks and Engage in Hobbies: Set aside time for activities you enjoy. Engaging in hobbies or taking short breaks during the day can provide relaxation and a much-needed mental escape from the stresses of life.
  9. Nature and Fresh Air: Spend time outdoors in nature, even if it’s just a short walk in the park. Fresh air and exposure to natural surroundings can have a calming effect on the mind and body and Is one of the most underrated ways of coping with stress. Walking after meals can also help regulate blood sugar levels.
  10. Seek Professional Support: If stress becomes overwhelming or difficult to manage, don’t hesitate to seek help from a qualified professional, such as a therapist, or holistic health practitioner.

Remember, managing stress is not about seeking perfection but it’s about making small incremental steps that help you progress and find out what works best for you. Embrace these lifestyle strategies gradually, making small changes that support your own unique needs and preferences. By proactively addressing stress and supporting blood sugar balance, you can also work towards a healthier and more balanced life.

meditation and blood sugar

The Role of Nutrition in Managing Stress and Blood Sugar

When it comes to managing stress and blood sugar levels, the food we eat definitely plays a significant role. A well-balanced and nutritious diet can support our bodies in handling stress more effectively and help maintain stable blood sugar levels. These are some of the top ways to help balance blood sugar and manage stress through nutrition:

  1. Balanced Meals: Eating regular, balanced meals is essential for stabilising blood sugar levels throughout the day. Aim to include a balance of macronutrients in each meal including healthy proteins such as fish, chicken, beans, or tofu; whole grains like brown rice or quinoa; and healthy fats like avocados, nuts, and olive oil. This combination helps slow down the absorption of glucose, preventing rapid spikes in blood sugar.
  2. Get enough Fibre: Fibre-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, are key in managing stress and blood sugar. Fibre slows down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, preventing sharp rises in blood sugar levels. Additionally, fibre also contributes to good gut health, which is increasingly important for its impact on mood and stress management.
  3. Healthy Snacking: If you find yourself reaching for snacks when stressed, opt for nutrient-dense options. Instead of sugary treats, choose snacks like a handful of nuts, Greek yogurt with berries, or sliced veggies with hummus. These choices provide essential nutrients and can help stabilise blood sugar levels.
  4. Reduce Refined Sugars and Processed Foods: While the occasional treat is perfectly fine, reducing your intake of refined sugars and processed foods can significantly impact your stress and blood sugar levels. These foods cause rapid spikes and crashes in blood sugar, leading to fluctuations in energy and mood.
  5. Stay Hydrated: Staying hydrated is vital for overall health and can help manage stress. Water supports nearly every bodily function, including the transportation of nutrients and the removal of waste products. Dehydration can also contribute to feelings of fatigue and irritability, potentially exacerbating stress.
  6. Mindful Eating: Practicing mindful eating can foster a healthier relationship with food and reduce stress-related eating. Pay attention to feelings of hunger and fullness, and try to take time away from devises and desks to eat without distractions. This can lead to a more satisfying eating experience and prevent overeating.
  7. Consider Adaptogenic Herbs & Herbal Teas: Certain herbs, known as adaptogens, have been traditionally used to support the body’s stress response. Examples include ashwagandha, Rhodiola, and holy basil. These herbs are believed to help the body adapt to stress and may have a positive impact on cortisol levels.  You can also get some good quality herbal teas which can help support stress from brands such as Pukka Herbs.
  8. Limit Caffeine and Alcohol: As mentioned earlier, excessive caffeine and alcohol intake can contribute to stress and blood sugar imbalances. While moderate consumption may be fine for some individuals, it’s essential to be mindful of their effects on your body and adjust accordingly.
  9. Meal Planning and Preparation: Plan your meals ahead of time to make healthier choices easier. Prepare nutritious meals and snacks in advance, so you have nourishing options readily available when stress strikes and don’t get tempted by other sugary items in the shops.
  10. Seek Professional Guidance: If you have specific dietary concerns or health conditions, consider seeking guidance from a qualified nutritionist such as Helen Jane Nutrition. They can provide personalized advice tailored to your unique needs and circumstances.

Remember, nutrition is just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to managing stress and blood sugar. Pairing healthy eating habits with other lifestyle strategies, such as the regular exercise and stress-reducing techniques mentioned earlier can help create an overall holistic approach to wellbeing.


In summary, we know that in today’s fast-paced world, stress has become a common element of life for many of us. We also know that chronic stress can impact our blood sugar regulation and contribute to long-term health issues and understanding this connection allows us to take control of our health proactively.

Remember, managing stress is not about perfection, but progress. It’s about making small, sustainable changes to support your body and mind. As you try to implement this in your own life, keep these key takeaways in mind:

  1. Mindfulness Matters: Practice mindfulness and relaxation techniques to reduce stress and support stable blood sugar levels. Try deep breathing, meditation, and other stress-reducing activities.
  2. Nourish Your Body: Choose a balanced and nutrient-rich diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. This can help balance blood sugar and provide essential nutrients for overall health.
  3. Healthy Habits Count: Prioritise regular physical activity, enough sleep, and staying hydrated. These healthy habits can positively impact your stress response and overall wellbeing.
  4. Stress-Aware Eating: Be mindful of stress-related eating habits. Seek healthier alternatives to comfort foods and recognise the impact that emotional eating has on your blood sugar levels.
  5. Create Support Systems: Seek support from friends, family, or professionals. Sharing your feelings and challenges can provide relief and guidance.
  6. Personalisation is Key: Everyone’s journey is unique. Tailor the strategies to your own needs and preferences, making gradual changes that fit your lifestyle.

Remember, you are not alone in this journey. Seek support, knowledge, and be kind to yourself as you navigate the complexities of life. Empower yourself to prioritise self-care and well-being, not just for today but for a happier, healthier future.  If you want help and support on this journey, then get in touch with Helen at Helen Jane Nutrition. Helen has supported many clients with balancing their blood sugar levels through diet and lifestyle changes and motivational support to help them achieve healthier and happier lives without the worry of their blood sugar levels.

Share us